East Granby Little League (EGLL) is committed to providing a safe environment for its players. To help ensure the safety of our players EGLL has developed this Concussion Awareness web page.
The purpose of the Concussion Awareness page is to help educate coaches, players, and parents about concussions. SLL does not provide medical advice. The information, including but not limited to text, graphics, images and other material on this page is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider with any questions you may have regarding concussion treatment.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has created a website called “Heads Up” with guidelines to help recognize, respond to, and minimize the risk of concussion or other serious brain injury. The information below is taken directly from the CDC “Heads Up” website.
Concussion Fact Sheet - Coaches
Concussion Fact Sheet - Parents
Concussion Fact Sheet - Parents/Athletes
Concussion Signs & Symptoms
What is a concussion?
A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury—or TBI—caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth. This fast movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, creating chemical changes in the brain and sometimes stretching and damaging the brain cells.
How Can I Spot a Possible Concussion?
Children and teens who show or report one or more of the signs and symptoms listed below—or simply say they just “don’t feel right” after a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body—may have a concussion or other serious brain injury.
Signs Observed by Parents or Coaches
- Appears dazed or stunned.
- Forgets an instruction, is confused about an assignment or position, or is unsure of the game, score, or opponent.
- Moves clumsily.
- Answers questions slowly.
- Loses consciousness (even briefly).
- Shows mood, behavior, or personality changes.
- Can’t recall events prior to or after a hit or fall.
Symptoms Reported by Children and Teens
- Headache or “pressure” in head.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Balance problems or dizziness, or double or blurry vision.
- Bothered by light or noise.
- Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy.
- Confusion, or concentration or memory problems.
- Just not “feeling right,” or “feeling down.”
Facts for Coaches: What should a coach do when a concussion is suspected?
1. Remove the athlete from play
2. Ensure that the athlete is evaluated right away by an appropriate health care professional with experience in evaluating concussions
3. Inform the athlete's parents or guardians about possible concussion and give them the fact sheet on concussions
4. Keep the athlete out of play the day of the injury. Do not return the athlete to play or practice until a health care professional, experienced in evaluating/managing concussion, has cleared them to do so in writing.
Additional information for coaches can be found in the Fact Sheet for Coaches.
HOW CAN I HELP ATHLETES TO RETURN TO PLAY GRADUALLY?
An athlete should return to sports practices under the supervision of an appropriate health care professional. When available, be sure to work closely with your team’s certified athletic trainer. Below are five gradual steps that you and the health care professional should follow to help safely return an athlete to play. Remember, this is a gradual process. These steps should not be completed in one day, but instead over days, weeks, or months.
BASELINE: Athletes should not have any concussion symptoms. Athletes should only progress to the next level of exertion if they do not have any symptoms at the current step.
STEP 1: Begin with light aerobic exercise only to increase an athlete’s heart rate. This means about 5 to 10 minutes on an exercise bike, walking, or light jogging. No weight lifting at this point.
STEP 2: Continue with activities to increase an athlete’s heart rate with body or head movement. This includes moderate jogging, brief running, moderate-intensity stationary biking, moderate-intensity weightlifting (reduced time and/or reduced weight from your typical routine).
STEP 3: Add heavy non-contact physical activity, such as sprinting/ running, high-intensity stationary biking, regular weightlifting routine, non-contact sport-specific drills (in 3 planes of movement).
STEP 4: Athlete may return to practice and full contact (if appropriate for the sport) in controlled practice.
STEP 5: Athlete may return to competition.
If an athlete’s symptoms come back or she or he gets new symptoms when becoming more active at any step, this is a sign that the athlete is pushing him or herself too hard. The athlete should stop these activities and the athlete’s health care provider should be contacted. After more rest and no concussion symptoms, the athlete should begin at the previous step
Online Concussion Training
For additional information regarding concussion, the CDC has developed a free online concussion training course "Heads Up: Concussions in Youth Sports" that is available to coaches, parents, and others helping to keep athletes safe from concussion. It features interviews with leading experts, dynamic graphics and interactive exercises, and compelling storytelling to help you recognize a concussion and know how to respond if you think that your athlete might have a concussion.
Once you complete the training and quiz, you can print out a certificate, making it easy to show your league or school you are ready for the season.
Click HERE to take the free online concussion training from the CDC Heads Up website.
CDC HeadsUp Resources
CDC HeadsUp App
CDC CRR App