Concussions: What you need to know
What is the law?
Under the provisions of California Assembly Bill No. 2007, youth sports organizations will:
- Be required to immediately remove from play an athlete who is suspected of suffering a concussion or head injury;
- Prevent that player from returning to play for the remainder of the day and not returning until evaluated by a licensed health care provider who provides a written clearance;
- If the athlete has sustained a concussion there shall be a graduated return to play over seven days after receiving medical clearance to return to play;
- Parents or guardians of players under 18 shall be notified of the date of injury, symptoms observed, and any treatment provided;
- A yearly fact sheet will be provided to all athletes and if the athlete is under seventeen to their parent. The fact sheet shall be signed and returned to the Tribe;
- Each Coach and Administrator shall complete concussion training at least once before supervising an athlete in an activity of the youth sports organization.
What is a concussion?
It is a type of brain injury caused by trauma. It can be caused by a hard bump on or blow to or around the head, which causes the brain to move quickly inside the head. You do not have to lose consciousness to have a concussion. If a concussion is not properly treated, it can make symptoms last longer and delay recovery. A second head trauma before recovery could lead to more serious injuries.
What are the signs and symptoms?
There are many signs and symptoms linked with concussion. Your child may not have any symptoms until a few days after the injury. Signs are conditions observed by other people and symptoms are feelings reported by the athlete.
Signs observed by others
• Appears dazed or stunned • Forgets plays • Is unsure of game or opponent • Moves clumsily • Answers questions slowly • Shows behavior or personality changes
Symptoms reported by athlete
• Headache • Nausea • Dizziness • Fuzzy vision • Feeling foggy • Concentration problems
What should you do if you suspect a concussion?*
- Do not let your child play with a head injury.
- Check on your child often after the injury for new or worsening signs or symptoms. If the symptoms are getting worse, take him to the nearest Emergency Department.
- Take your child to the doctor for any symptom of a concussion.
- Do not give your child pain medications without talking to your child's doctor.
- Your child should stop all athletic activity until his doctor says it is OK. Your child must stay out of play until he is cleared by a licensed healthcare provider.
- Educate your child on concussions and why he cannot play until the symptoms are gone. Your child will need a gradual return to school and activities.
- Tell your child’s coaches, school nurses and teachers if he has a concussion.
*In case of an urgent concern or emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency department right away.
Call your child’s doctor right away if he/she has:
• New signs that his doctor does not know about • Existing signs that get worse • Slurred speech • Headaches that get worse • A seizure • Neck pain
• Loss of consciousness • Tiredness or is hard to wake • Continued vomiting • Weakness in the arms or legs • Trouble knowing people or places
• Blood or fluid coming from nose or ear • A large bump or bruise on scalp
Where can I find more information?
Return to school and activities guidelines, educational videos and general concussion information