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This page is dedicated to providing information on concussions.

 

WHAT IS A CONCUSSION?

A CONCUSSION IS A BRAIN INJURY THAT:

 • Is caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or body.

 • Is always serious and can change the way your brain works.

 • Can occur during practices or games in any sport or recreational activity or motor vehicle accident.

 • Can happen even if you have not lost consciousness.

 • Can be serious even if you have just been dinged or “had a ringer.”

WHAT TO DO IF YOU SUSPECT A CONCUSSION:

TELL THE COACH, ATHLETIC TRAINER OR SCHOOL
NURSE. They need to know if you have had a head injury or if you have had a previous concussion.

SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION. A health care professional experienced in evaluating concussions will be able to diagnose and treat a concussion and determine when it is safe to return to plan. A student who sustains a concussion cannot return to a Kettle Moraine athletic activity until a qualified health care professional indicates it is safe to do so. (physician, nurse, athletic trainer)

STAY OUT OF PLAY UNTIL FULLY RECOVERED.
A concussed brain needs time to heal. While a brain is still healing there is a much greater chance of another concussion.  Repeat concussions can slow recovery and increase the likelihood of long-term problems. In rare cases, repeat concussions can result in permanent brain damage and even death.

INFORM THE SCHOOL STAFF OF ALL CONCUSSIONS.
A concussion can impact a student’s ability to do academic work and other activities such as computer use, studying, driving or exercising. If needed the school nurse and your teachers can help adjust school activities during the recovery period.

REST IS THE ONLY TREATMENT FOR CONCUSSION.
Physical and cognitive rest are necessary for the brain to return to normal functioning. Any activities that provoke the reoccurrence of symptoms should be discontinued. 


WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS?

SIGNS OBSERVED BY PARENTS OF OTHERS

 • Appears dazed or stunned

 • Is confused

 • Forgets instructions

 • Is unsure of game, score, or opponents

 • Moves clumsily

 • Shows mood, behavior, or personality change

 • Cannot recall events prior to hit or fall

 • Cannot recall events after hit or fall

SYMPTOMS REPORTED BY THE ATHLETE

 • Head ache or pressure

 • Nausea or vomiting

 • Balance problem or dizziness

 • Double or blurry vision

 • Sensitivity to light or noise

 • feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy

 • Concentration or memory problems

 • Just not feeling “right” or “feeling down”

If you think you have a concussion: Don’t hide it! Report it! Take time to recover!

*This information comes from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “Heads Up, Concussion in High School Sports”, www.cdc.gov

IMPORTANT LINKS

WIAA Concussion Policy and More:
http://www.wiaawi.org/Health/Concussions.aspx

An on line course for clinicians that is useful to coaches:
http://www.preventingconcussions.org/

US Lacrosse Concussion Awareness:
http://www.uslacrosse.org/concussionawareness